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Keys to exercises - Англійська мова PDF Друк e-mail
Англійська мова - Англійська мова - Кунатенко Й. Ю.

Keys to the EXERCISES

U N I T  1

Exe rcise I.

1.  are  2. is  3. is  4. are  5. is  6. is  7. is  8. is.

Exe rcise II.

1. The books are on the shelves. 2. These are English dictionaries.
3. The roofs of  the house were covered with snow. 4. These factories have good laboratories. 5. The copies of the contract were sent to Lviv. 6. Where are the knives? 7. The children are playing in the yard. 8. The tomatoes are ripe. 9. The cat caught the mice. 10. I have hurt my feet. 11. The stories are very long. 12. They are nice people. 13. The speeches were very interesting. 14. He left the keys on the table. 15. The last leaves fell from the trees.
16. I like his new plays.

Exe rcise III.

1. is  2. is  3. are  4. is  5. aren’t  6. isn’t  7. are  8. are  9. are  10. are.

Exe rcise IV.

1. There are four hostels at the University’s campus. 2. There are a lot of students in the classroom. 3. There are large and light laboratories and studies at the University. 4. There is a book-keeping department on the ground floor. 5. How many students are there in your group? 6. There is nobody here. 7. There is a large collection of literature on economics. 8. There are only two mistakes in his dictation. 9. There is some meat in the fridge.

Exe rcise V.

1. It is fine today. 2. There is an underground station near my house. 3. It is nearly 11 o’clock. 4. There is a light in the window. Somebody must be at home. 5. It’s a pity you can’t go with us. 6. It is easy to understand why she is absent. 7. Is there any news in the letter? 8. It is not true to say that she is a close friend of mine. 9. It’s time to go to bed. 10. It is important to know the details. 11. There is no central heating in my house. 12. It’s too early to leave. 13. There is much money in his purse. 14. It is difficult to study French. 15. There are some interesting articles in the newspaper? 16. There are fiteen students in our group. 17. There is only one cigarette in the box. 18. It is warmer today than it was yesterday.

Exe rcise VI.

1. My brother’s hair is grey and his eyebrows are black. 2. His knowledge is poor. 3. The Smiths are a cultured family. 4. They hunt deer.
5. All the gates were closed. 6. Your advice helps me greatly. I always take it. It is very useful. 7. You are the very person I need. 8. I always take bus 17. The 17 is never crowded. 9. Whom does this money belong to? — This money belongs to him. 10. My father went to the school to meet the teacher. 11. There are a lot of establishments of higher learning in our city. 12. Is there anybody at home? — No, there is nobody at home. ( or : There isn’t anybody at home). 13. Have you a sister or a brother? — Yes, I have a brother. — What is he? — My brother is a manager. — Where is he now? —He is on business in Lviv. 14. How many days are there in April? — There are 30 days in April.

UNIT 2

Exe rcise I.

1. do  2. does  3. do  4. does  5. does  6. do  7. do  8. do.

Exe rcise II.

1. Who feels tired? 2. With whom does Tom play chess? 3. Where does he live most of the time? 4. How do they go to work? 5. What do they want to buy for their children? 6. When does John begin his work? 7. How long does it take her to get to the park? 8. When don’t they go to work?/When do they not go to work?

Exe rcise III.

1. She saw me in the street. She knows you and me very well. She is our teacher. She likes her work very much. Do you know her and her brothers? 2. The man says he knows you and your family. I know him and his sister. He is a highly educated man. He teaches us English. He meets me and my friend every day. 3. I see a car. I see it well. Its colour is white. 4. We send them many letters but they don’t answer them. 5. Do you know Italian? — No, I don’t know it at all.  6. Do you help your parents?

Exe rcise IV.

1. He/she helps them to translate it. 2. She will send her to buy them.
3. He gave them to him. 4. She works hard at it. 5. He is going to write it to her today. 6. It is not suitable for them. 7. She borrows them from it. 8. She makes dresses for them .

Exe rcise V.

1. her  2. our  3. his  4. my  5. their  6. its  7. your  8. its  9. his.

UNIT 3

Exe rcise I.

1. am taking  2. is boiling  3. are you making, is anyone coming  4. is it raining? is raining  5. is waiting 6. is Tom doing now? is cleaning.

Exe rcise II.

1. She is going to take a taxi. 2. We are going to learn Spanish next year. 3. I am going to spend the summer holidays in the country. 4. I am going to read you his answer to my letter of complaint. 5. They are going to build a new school here. 6. When are you going to pay the bill? 7. The inspector is going to ask you a few questions. 8. Are you going to ask him to help you?

Exe rcise III.

1. am preparing 2. go 3. takes 4. is arriving 5. are discussing 6. are you doing, am waiting 7. drinks, is drinking 8. rains 9. imports 10. is not raining
11. are you typing, are making 12. is never listening, is always thinking
13. begins 14. is not, is working.

Exe rcise IV.

1. I can’t give you the newspaper now because I am reading it. 2. Why isn’t Kate going her homework now? — She is reading. — What is she reading? — She is reading «David Copperfield» by Charles Dickens. — Does she read much? Yes, she does. 3. Why can’t we speak to him now? — He is very busy now. He is writing the letter to his parents. — Does he often write letters to his parents? — Yes, he does. He writes letters every week.
4. Don’t make a noise. He is speaking over the telephone. 5. Is it raining? — Yes, it is. Take your umbrella. It often rains here. 6. Ring him up immediately. I think that he isn’t sleeping yet. 7. Where is my magazine? It is lying on your writing table. 8. Do you understand what the lecturer is saying? — Yes, I do. He always speaks quickly, but I understand him. 9. The man speaking to the students is our dean. 10. Listen! Ann is singing in the next room. She sings very well.

UNIT 4

Exe rcise I.

1. He has not finished his work yet. 2. I have not received any letters from them lately. 3. Have you ever been to London? 4. The delegation has just arrived. 5. She has already spoken to him. 6. Have you read this book yet? 7. I have never seen him at lectures. 8. She has not seen this film yet, but she has heard a lot about it. 9. She has not read very much recently.
10. I have never met her.

Exe rcise II.

1. since, for 2. since, for 3. since, for 4. since, for 5. for, since 6. since, for.

Exe rcise III.

1. Have you had breakfast? — Yes, I have.

2. Has the post come? — Yes, it has.

3. Have you seen my watch anywhere? — No, I’m afraid I haven’t.

4. Has Charles passed his exam? — Yes, he has.

5. Haven’t you made a mistake? — No, I’m sure I haven’t.

6. Has Mary watered the tomatoes? — Yes, I think she has.

7. Have you seen him lately? — No, I haven’t.

8. Have you spent all your money? — Yes, I have.

9. Has the phone stopped ringing? — No, it hasn’t.

10. Has he just gone out? — Yes, he has .

Exe rcise IV.

1. He isn’t in. He has just gone out. 2. I wonder where they are now?
I haven’t seen them since I moved to this town. 3. Have you written a report on this subject already? — Yes, I have. 4. We have been friends since childhood and we have never quarrelled. 5. I haven’t received any letters from my parents lately. 6. Have you learned the text already? — Yes, I have. I have just learned the text and now I am repeating the words. 7. There is nobody in the classroom. Everybody has gone home. 8. Have you ever thought about it? — No, I haven’t.

UNIT 5

Exe rcise I.

1. I was tired. 2. The girl was very excited. 3. My friends were pleased to see me again. 4. Mary’s son was good at his English. 5. We were ready to have a test in English. 6. There was too much snow on the roof of the house. 7. There were some grammar mistakes in your composition. 8. They were ready to go there.

Exe rcise II.

1. I am at home tonight, but I wasn’t at home last night. 2. Alice is busy today, but she wasn’t busy yesterday. 3. They are in class today, but they weren’t in class yesterday. 4. My parents are at work this morning, but they weren’t at work yesterday. 5. I am tired today, but I wasn’t tired yesterday. 6. She is in her office today, but she wasn’t in her office yesteday. 7. The classroom is hot today, but it wasn’t hot yesteday. 8. It’s cold this week, but it wasn’t cold last week.

Exe rcise III.

1. I often saw them in the park. 2. We didn’t know his address.
3. George repaired his TV set himself. 4. She came home very late. 5. They didn’t change trains there. 6. My sister wanted to become a teacher. 7. Susan felt tired. 8. He slept badly. 9. They went to work by bus. 10. Who knew the answer? 11. I met her on Tuesdays. 12. He always wore black. 13. I knew what he wanted. 14. His roses grew well. 15. His father worked in a bank. 16. He left the house at 8.00.

Exe rcise I V.

1. They will be at home. 2. We shall sleep in the open air. 3. The last train will leave at midnight. 4. I shall be busy on weekdays. 5. My brother will be a manager. 6. I shall finish my work. 7. They will fish in the lake.
8. She will refuse to discuss it. 9. Our University will have a camp at the seaside. 10. The children will help their father.

Exe rcise V .

1. lived, went  2. went 3. wrote  4. has just gone out  5. did he arrive, arrived  6. have you had, had  7. has the newspaper come?  8. met  9. did you see 10. have not finished  11. have had no news, left 12. have not seen 13. has just begun  14.  has stopped  15. have never been  16. has just left  17. went   18. have sent  19. arrived  20. have already passed.

Exe rcise V I .

1. Let’s discuss these questions. 2. Let him translate these letters from Ukrainian into English. 3. Let him do it himself. 4. Let him think it over.
5. Let them return those books to the library today. 6. Let’s read that book about our city. 7. Let her know about it. 8. Don’t let them come in. 9. He is ill. Let me go to see him. 10. Let her learn the new words from Lesson two.

Exe rcise VII .

1. Where is Petrenko? — He has gone to London. — When did he go? — He went there several days ago. — Have you ever been to London? — No, I haven’t. I have never been to London. 2. I haven’t received any letters from my parents lately. — When did you receive the last letter? — A month ago. Since then I have already sent them several letters. 3. Do you know him? — Yes, I do. I know him very well. — How long have you known him? — I have known him for many years. 4. My friend entered the University last year. He didn’t know much English then but he worked hard and studied it every day. Now he speaks English well. He has already read two English books. 4. Let him translate this word. 5. Let me do it for you.
6. Let us know when you are coming. 7. Let’s meet at five o’clock. Don’t be late. 8. Let me have a little rest.

UNIT 6

Exe rcise I.

1. was  2. was  3. were   4. were  5. was  6. was  7. were  8. was.

Exe rcise II .

1. was getting  2. were talking  3. were you talking, was talking  4. was he living  5. was working  6. was standing, was waiting  7. was making
8. was decorating  9. was wearing.

Exe rcise II I.

1. was standing  2. were not sitting  3. were you hurrying, was hurrying  4. was waiting 5. was Mary wearing  6. were playing  7. were making  8. was washing  9. was talking.

Exe rcise IV .

1. did you think, liked  2. left 3. was just leaving  4. told, was spending, listened 5. was looking, found  6. was just opening, blew.

Exe rcise V .

1. He was looking through newspapers when he saw this announcement. 2. We saw them yesterday. They were walking in the garden. 3. When we return home mother will be laying the table. 4. I wonder what you will be doing at this time next Friday? ¾ I shall be working as usual. I shall be working the whole day. From 9 to 11 in the morning I shall be making a report in the library. Then I shall be delivering a lecture for the students of our University. I’ll be at the stadium on Sunday. I shall be training all day long. 5. Why do you invite them to come to your place? Won’t you be getting ready for the exams? 6. She won’t be singing at the concert tomorrow. She has a sore throat.

Exe rcise V I .

1. shall be sitting  2. shall be waiting  3. will be practising  4. shall probably be picking  5. will be sitting  6. will be using  7. shall be wearing
8. will be walking  9. will be looking out 10. it will be raining 11. will be looking for.

Exe rcise VII .

1. cold  2. dark 3. dirty  4. sour 5. light 6. short  7. wide  8. difficult
9. clever 10. strong  11. thin 12. wrong 13. lazy.

Exe rcise VIII .

1. It isn’t so cold today as it was yesterday. It is much warmer today and the wind isn’t so strong as yesterday. 2. Your room is twice as large as mine but mine is as light as yours. 3. That was the most boring film I’ve ever seen. 4. He was as hungry as a wolf. 5. I have half as many English books as French. 6. His suitcase is far (much) heavier than mine (is). 7. Who is the best student in your group? 8. The letter must be as short as possible. 9. This is the shortest way to the station. 10. I am five years older than my sister (is). 11. My elder son has already gone to work. 12. That was the happiest day of my life. 13. This building is the oldest in our town. 14. This song is the most popular now. 15. Most of my acquaintances are students. 16. This text is the most difficult of all the texts we have ever translated.

Exe rcise IX.

1. It was the best meal I’ve ever had. 2. Tokyo is one of the largest cities in the world. 3. The examination was easier than we expected. 4. Older he grew wiser he became. 5. Who is your best friend? 6. Iron is the most useful of all metals. 7. Are you younger than me? 8. The twenty second of December is the shortest day of the year. 9. Silver is heavier than copper.
10. Australia is the smallest continent in the world. 11. London is the largest city in England. 12. Yesterday was the hottest day we have had this summer. 13. My brother is older than I am. 14. Wood isn’t as hard as metal. 15. I think good health is the most important thing in life. 16. This room is smaller than all the rooms in the house.

UNIT 7

Exe rcise I.

1. kept, had seen  2. was over, had stopped  3. discussed, had seen
4. saw, had gone  5. had given, got  6. told, had seen  7. had fallen asleep
8. felt, had taken  9. had cooked, came  10. had been, became.

Exe rcise II.

1. He didn’t remember how it all had happened. 2. We were sure that she had told the truth. 3. He said that his parents had always lived in the country. 4. He told her that he had bought a TV set the year before.
5. I thought that he knew English well because he had lived in England for some years. 6. The man at the station said that the train had already left.
7. When he had finished his work he went to bed. 8. When we came back, the telegram had already arrived.  9. He understood that he had got off at the wrong station. 10. The rain had already stopped when we started.

Exe rcise III.

1. shall have finished  2. shall have saved  3. will have left  4. will have been  5. shall have finished  6. shall have attended  7. will have risen  8. shall have done  9. will have seen  10. shall have lost.

Exe rcise IV.

1. will receive  2. will have received  3. shall have saved  4. will have stopped  5. shall have done  6. shall do  7. will have completed  8. will complete  9. shall not work  10. will have taken  11. will take  12. will have corrected.

Exe rcise V .

1. some, some  2. some, any 3. any  4. any  5. some, some  6. any  7. some 8. any  9. any, some  10. some.

Exe rcise VI.

1. some  2. anybody  3. something  4. some  5. someone  6. anywhere 7. some/any 8. some 9. anyone 10. anyone, anybody 12. something, some  13. any  14. some, any  15. some.

Exe rcise VII.

1. something  2. anything  3. anything  4. nothing  5. something
6. someone  7. anything  8. anything  9. anyone  10. anything  11. anything  12. something  13. someone  14. someone  15. anyone  16. someone.

Exe rcise VIII.

1. I spent my holiday in a little village on the Dnipro. A friend of mine had advised me to go there. 2. She came to our town three years ago. By then, she had already graduated from the University. 3. She said that she had known him since 1980. 4. I thought (that) he knew English well because he had lived in England for some years. 5. I was sure I had never seen that man before. 6. Wait a little. I’ll ask somebody to buy some milk and bread. 7. I don’t expect anybody ( or : anyone) tonight. I expect no one tonight. 8. Somebody rang you up today and wanted to tell you something interesting. 9. You can get this book at any library. 10. Anybody/anyone can understand it. 11. Let me know if anything happens.

UNIT 8

Exe rcise I.

1. for  2. for  3. since  4. for  5. since  6. for  7. for  8. for 9. for  10. for  11. for.

Exe rcise II.

1. have walked  2. have been walking  3. have been looking, haven’t found  4. has eaten  5. hasn’t stopped eating  6. have been working  7. has been teaching  8. have taught, have never met  9. have slept  10. has been sleeping 11. have been playing  12. has been talking  13. have known  14. has been working

Exe rcise III.

1. had been working  2. shall have been studying  3. have you been doing 4. have been trying  5. has been painting  6. had been living 7. had been driving  8. had been sleeping  9. will have been staying  10. had been speaking  11. have been writing  12. had been looking 13. has been.

Exe rcise IV.

1. few  2. a little  3. little   4. a few   5. few   6. little  7. a little  8. a few 9. many  10. much, little  11. much  12. less  13. more  14. a few.

UNIT 9

Exe rcise I.

1. may  2. might  3. might  4. may  5. might  6. might  7. may/might
8. may/might  9. may/might.

Exe rcise I I .

1. could/was able to  2. couldn’t/wasn’t able to  3. could, couldn’t              4. could/was able to, couldn’t/wasn’t able to  5. can’t  6. can’t  7. couldn’t, can’t  8. can/could, can’t.

Exe rcise I II .

1. He had to sell ...; He will have to sell ... . 2. We had to do ...; We shall have to do ... . 3. Did you have to pay ...; Will you have to pay ... .  4. She had to learn ...; She will have to learn ... . 5. They had to change ...; They will have to change ... . 6. They had to read ...; They will have to read ... .
7. We had to study ...; We shall have to study ... . 8. I had to change ...; I shall have to change ... . 9. We had to hurry ...; We shall have to hurry ... .
10. They had to be ...; They will have to be ... .

Exe rcise I V .

1. must  2. had to 3. has to  4. have to 5. must  6. must  7. has to  8. must  9. had to 10. must  11. had to  12. must 13. have to.

Exe rcise V.

1. needn’t  2. mustn’t  3. mustn’t  4. mustn’t  5. needn’t  6. mustn’t
7. needn’t  8. needn’t  9. mustn’t  10. needn’t  11. mustn’t  12. needn’t.

Exe rcise VI.

1. to  2. ¾  3. ¾  4. to  5. to  6. ¾   7. ¾  8. to  9. to  10. to  11. to 12. to  13. ¾  14. ¾  15. to  16. to.

Exe rcise VII .

1. one  2. ones  3. one  4. one  5. one, one’s 6. one, one’s  7. ones
8. one, one’s  9. ones 10. ones 11. one.

Exe rcise VIII .

1. One might have expected a politer answer from him. 2. His room is good, but the one you live in is much better. 3. One is always glad to meet old friends. 4. One should always answer letters immediately. 5. Now one can speak by telephone over any distance. 6. One never knows what he can do. 7. This is a big room and that is a small one. 8. One can find these figures in any handbook on this question. 9. One must be prepared. 10. They always sell good fruit there. 11. One should always be polite. 12. One doesn’t like to be punished. 13. One never can be sure. 14. They say the wheat crop will be fine this year. 15. One must do it. 16. One should take into consideration that this question is very difficult. 17. I lost my watch and I had to buy a new one. 18. If you haven’t a dictionary, you can take one from the library. 19. There isn’t a glass here. Bring one, please.

UNIT 10

Exe rcise I.

1. was looked at  2. will the old newspapers be thrown away  3. is spoken about  4. is that thing meant by  5. must be paid for  6. was listened to  7. was not to be argued about  8. are much talked about  9. was argued about.

Exe rcise II.

1. A four-day holiday has been promised to me by my chief. 2. These lectures have always been listened to with interest. 3. The answers to all the questions had been written long before the end of the lesson. 4. His jokes have always been laughed at . 5. This fact has been known for years. 6. She said that he hadn’t been invited . 7. I wondered why the letter had been posted unstamped. 8. He left two years ago and he ha s n’t been heard ever since. 9. Ha s he been told about the changes in the timetable? 10. This house has n’t been lived in for the last hundred years.

Exe rcise III.

1. have been built  2. had been married  3. had been washed out  4. has just been opened. 5. will have been finished  6. hadn’t been taught  7. has this stadium been built. 8. is being washed  9. were being discussed  10. was being watched  11. was being cleaned  12. is being translated  13. are being built.

Exe rcise IV.

1. When was this book published? 2. They will be met at the station. 3. He was given some books for the report. 4. She was asked to sing this song again. 5. This factory was built 10 years ago. 6. If I am asked I’ ll tell them all. 7. The telephone was invented in the last century. 8. This letter has just been signed by the director. 9. Milk is sold by the litre. 10. This work will be finished in two days. 11. The bread was cut with a sharp knife. 12. You won’t have to wait. The documents will have been checked and the letters will have been signed when you come. 13. I was promised immediate help. 14. He was offered a ticket to the concert. 15. His parents should be taken care of.

Exe rcise V.

1. of   2. ¾   3. of   4. ¾   5. of   6. of   7. ¾  ; ¾   8. ¾   9. of  10. of 11. of   12. of  13. of.

UNIT 11

E xercise I.

1. told  2. said 3. told  4. talked  5. said 6. told  7. told  8. said 9. talked.

E xercise II.

1. The experts found the construction would cost an enormous sum.            2. He said he didn’t even know such problems existed. 3. We were surprised to hear that your question hadn’t been answered at once. 4. They wrote that preliminary contacts had already been established. 5. Everybody understood the new project would require a great effort. 6. We were surprised to see that nothing had been changed. 7. They supposed that the new product wouldn’t be so expensive. 8. He was sure that he would get a credit.

E xercise III .

a) 1. I told her (that) I had something to show her. 2. She said she would come with me as soon as she was ready. 3. He said that the price didn’t include the cost of packing. 4. John said he had an English lesson that afternoon and he hadn’t done his homework yet. 5. I told him (that)
I had been waiting for him since two o’clock. 6. He said (that) he was afraid he couldn’t go there then, but he would probably be able to go there the next day.

b) 1. I advised her not to eat too much. 2. His wife asked him to write to her as often as he could. 3. He told the secretary to bring him the letters they had received that ( or : this) morning. 4. The mother told her son not to stay there long. 5. Ann asked me not to tell anyone what had happened.
6. The teacher asked the students to repeat the words after him. 7. His mother told him not to forget his sandwiches. 8. He warned them to be careful crossing roads and reminded me to drive on the right».

c) 1. She told us that we mustn’t come in without knocking. 2. Notice said that dogs must be kept on a lead. 3. He said that after the lecture he had to go home quickly. 4. He told me that my ticket might cost five pounds.
5. His father said that he should work harder next term. 6. She said that I mustn’t tell ( or : wasn’t to tell) anyone what she had just told me. 7. I warned that he needn’t ( or : wouldn’t have to/didn’t have to) get up till nine the next day. 8. Mother told the children that they mustn’t play with knives.

d) 1. I asked her if she was going to see him off at the station. 2. I asked the boy what else he had seen. 3. His new employer asked whether he had done that sort of work before. 4. Paul’s sister asked if I could tell her why Paul had left the University without taking his degree. 5. The examiner asked how long I had been learning English. 6. He asked how much I thought it would cost. 7. She asked if I would be there the next day. I said that I would. 8. She asked me if she should tell him what had happened.

E xercise IV.

1. «What was the weather like during my holiday?» he asked. «It was awful», I answered. 2. «What country do you come from?» said Bill. 3. «Shall you write to Ann?» I asked. 4. «Don’t interrupt me» she said. 5. «Make the coffee a bit stronger». I said. 6. «Don’t wait for me if I am late». said Ann.  
7. «Would you like to borrow this book?» I asked her. «I have read it already, thank you, and I didn’t like it very much». 8. Stopping a man in the street, I asked, «Would you help me with my car?»

E xercise V.

1. He said that he must do this work himself. 2. The doctor told me not to go out for a few days. 3. I asked whether he would come here this evening and he said that he would. 4. He has just said that he is quite satisfied with the results of our work. 5. I asked her whether it was raining. She answered that it was. 6. The doctor told him to give up smoking. 7. Ask him whether he will agree to help us. 8. I wasn’t sure that the work would be done in time. 9. Nobody understood why she had refused such an interesting offer.

UNIT 12

Exe rcise I.

1. to be invited  2. to expect  3. to consult  4. to come and to see  5. to introduce  6. to find  7. to save  8. to be solved  9. to solve  10. to inform.

Exe rcise II.

1. She held out the telegram for me to see it. 2. There is nothing for me to add. 3. It’s high time for you to know Grammar well. 4. The first thing is for him to ring them up. 5. It’s quite natural for you to think so. 6. This is a problem for you to solve. 7. It is necessary for us to start early in the morning. 8. We stopped the bus for the tourists to get on. 9. It is rather strange for them to leave without letting us know. 10. I stood there waiting for the door to open.

Exe rcise III.

1. It was easy for her to tell them the truth. 2. It will be better for your child to spend more time outdoors. 3. It’s hard for old people to change their habits. 4. It was natural thing for him to take part in the discussions. 5. It was a real joy for me to receive a letter from him. 6. It was usual for him to come in the nick of time.

Exe rcise IV.

1. It is necessary for you to be here at 5 o’clock. 2. To find this book
I had to go to the library. 3. I had enough time to meet him. 4. It is easy for him to do it. 5. The text was too difficult for him to translate it without a dictionary.  6. It is difficult for us to do this work in such a short time. 7. It is necessary for your sister to see him. 8. Now it is too late for the children to go for a walk.

UNIT 13

Exe rcise I.

1. do  2. to see  3. to arrive  4. go, to meet  5. wait  6. know  7. to be
8. want, to know  9. to have  10. to have missed, go  11. to try, to come
12. go, promise, not to tell  13. open, move  14. to do, wait, to let.

Exe rcise II.

1. He is believed to be honest. 2. Is he likely to arrive before six?
3. He is said to have been a brilliant scientist. 4. They are certain to arrive on Sunday. 5. She is said to have a frightful temper. 6. They found the report to be rather interesting. 7. I could hardly believe it to have happened. 8. I want you to be both happy.

Exe rcise III.

1. He didn’t hear me nock at the door. 2. He told me that he had seen her leave the house. 3. The meeting was informed to take place tomorrow.
4. She seemed to have forgotten our quarrel. 5. Did you expect him to deliver a speech at the meeting? 6. I happened to hear him say it. 7. She is likely to tell the truth. 8. He is sure ( or : certain) to enjoy this trip. 9. We expect the contract to be signed tomorrow. 10. I consider him to be responsible for it. 11. I consider myself to be right. 12. We know him to be a very experienced teacher. 13. My friend seems to be having a good time at the seaside. 14. She seems to know everything on this subject. 15. He appears to be satisfied with the result of his work. 16. I happened to meet him in Sochi. 17. The weather is likely to change. 18. This question is sure to be discussed at the meeting today. 19. They are sure ( or:
certain) to agree to take part in this work. 20. They can be expected to arrive on Monday.

UNIT 14

Exe rcise I.

1. ringing  2. followed  3. having found  4. spoken  5. lying  6. having obtained 7. visiting  8. being built  9. remembered 10. smoking  11. having read 12. having realized 13. being cold 14. taken.

Exe rcise III.

1. Becoming tired of my complaints about the programme, she turned it off. 2. Finding/having found no one at home, he left the house in bad temper. 3. Having spent all his money, he decided to go home and ask his father for a job. 4. Realizing that he had missed the last train, he began to walk. 5. Having heard the story before, she didn’t want to hear it again.
6. Having visited the museum, we decided to have lunch in the park.
7. Turning on the light, I was astonished at what I saw. 8. Thinking we were lost, he offered to show us the way home. 9. Exhausted by his work, he threw himself on his bed. 10. Entering the room suddenly, she found them smoking.

Exe rcise IV.

1. I noticed her speaking very coldly to him. 2. He saw us crossing the road in the wrong place. 3. It was pleasant to watch them enjoying themselves.
4. We heard somebody laughing in the next room. 5. Because of the noise nobody heard the telephone ringing. 6. We watched them repairing the car.

Exe rcise V.

1. We live in the city founded 1.500 years ago. 2. She was heard crying. 3. The man giving a lecture showed many diagrams. 4. The performance being fine, it was difficult to get tickets. 5. I heard him coming up the stairs some minutes ago. 6. A broken cup was lying on the table. 7. I heard her telling him about it. 8. Having received the telegram, they left for Kyiv.
9. He wants to have his shoes repaired. 10. He sat in the armchair reading a newspaper. 11. He left without discussing this question with me. 12. I noticed the man unlocking the door. 13. She left without saying good buy. 14. The weather being fine, all the windows were opened. 15. Everybody saw him running along the street without noticing everybody. 16. I have my hair done every Friday. 17. They were seen taking their photos after the final exam.
18. This is my friend’s sister living next door to me. 19. He closed the door softly not wanting to wake her up. 20. Not having received a letter from her he sent her a telegram. 21. While crossing the bridge, I met my friend.

UNIT 15

Exe rcise I.

1. of introducing  2. swimming  3. of being introduced  4. on helping
5. in finding 6. of staying  7. of catching  8. without being seen  9. of playing  10. in writing  11. of going  12. from coming  13. of having done 14. of finding.

Exe rcise II.

1. in  2. from  3. of  4. on  5. without  6. for  7. of  8. of  9. by  10. in 
11. on 12. of.

Exe rcise III.

1. seeing 2. to meet  3. to see  4. waiting  5. to lock, going 6. not to speak 7. to explain, to listen  8. to understand  9. spending, earning  10. playing, doing  11. cutting, to go  12. hearing, not to enter  13. writing, waiting
14. talking, to finish 15. to see/seeing, crying/cry.

Exe rcise IV.

1. to avoid, being, being/to be, waiting  2. to lend, taking 3. to get, to ask 4. ringing/ring, to be coming, to open  5. strike/striking, to get up
6. writing, to do, to go, see  7. to come, standing 8. to wake up, (to) hear, beating 9. laughing, slipping/slip.

Exe rcise V.

1. I dont like his habit of making people wait. 2. We think of going to the Black Sea in the summer. 3. She was angry with him for losing (having lost) her dictionary. 4. Do you mind my leaving? 5. Did he succeed in finding our address? 6. This house is worth selling. 7. I remember having seen this film many years ago. 8. Excuse me for my coming so late. 9. I want to avoid making mistakes. 10. You will never speak good English without learning grammar. 11. Do you feel like going for a walk? 12. I don’t mind your smoking here. 13. The storm prevented us from getting there in time. 14. Instead of working he fell asleep. 15. I can’t translate this document without looking some words in the dictionary. 16. I insist on your answering them immediately. 17. He left the room without paying attention to his son. 18. After finishing the University she worked at the plant. 19. He began reading this book yesterday. 20. I thank you for helping me. 21. On seeing the teacher the students came up to him. 22. He remembered seeing her in the shop.

UNIT 16

Exe rcise I.

a) 1. will telephone  2. isn’t working  3. hears  4. will land  5. don’t know 6. works  7. won’t be 8. stay  9. stops 10. comes  11. don’t believe  12. have.

b) 1. should keep  2. didn’t live 3. didn’t come  4. painted 5. were
6. should walk  7. were  8. went  9. taught 10. would answer  11. didn’t belong  12. would type

c) 1. had had  2. should have stopped  3. had been  4. would have
found  5. would have got  6. would have been killed  7. shouldn’t have said
8. wouldn’t have tried  9. would have been able to finish 10. had been.

d) 1. don’t change 2. would have recognized  3. would you choose
4. had read  5. would have taken  6. were 7. should have stayed  8. wouldn’t believe

Exe rcise II.

1. Had I time, I should study French. 2. Should he come, tell him to wait. 3. Were he in town, he would help us. 4. Had I enough money, I would travel. 5. Had I seen him yesterday, I should have told him about it.
6. Should you find them, kindly let me know. 7. The accident might not have occured had they been more careful. 8. Had they called at the office yesterday, they would have found me there. 9. Were I in his place, I should refuse. 10. Had you seen him, you wouldn’t have recognized him. 11. Were I you, I should go there immediately. 12. Should anyone call, please take a message.

Exe rcise III.

1. If the car hadn’t driven so fast, an accident wouldn’t have happened. 2. If he doesn’t come tomorrow, send him a telegram. 3. If I am there and see him, I’ll tell him about it. 4. It wouldn’t have happened if you had been there. 5. He’ll have to go to hospital tomorrow if he is not better.
6. It would be very kind of you if you could do it for me. 7. Why didn’t you call him? I am sure that he would have come if you had called him. 8. It took me a lot of time to translate this article. If you had given me a good dictionary, I should have spent less time. 9. She wouldn’t lose money so often if she were not so careless. 10. If you had cought the earlier train we could have travelled together. 11. If I knew that he would come tomorrow, I souldn’t go to see him tonight. 12. If I were sure that he had already returned to Kyiv, I should go to see him now. 13. If you had told us a few days ago that you had this handbook, we should have asked you to give it to us for a few days. 14. If I knew his address, I should write to him now that you agreed to help him.

 

Строительные компании очень часто заставляют платить достаточно приличные суммы для постройки чего-либо либо ремонта в своем доме, рекомендуем подумать о самостоятельном строительстве, используя профессиональный инструмент для ремонта и отделки помещений.


 
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